Gardening Roses Winter Protection

Is Winter Protection Needed for Hardy Roses?

Installing winter protection for roses is a lot of work… and may in fact not be necessary! Source: &, montage:

Sometimes a habit becomes so ingrained it’s hard to shake it. That seems to be the case with the winter protection of roses. You see, generations gardeners in frigid climates have learned to protect their hybrid tea and grandiflora roses in the winter by cutting them back severely, mounding soil around their base and covering them with a rose cone or other protection. And many rose aficionados seem reluctant to change this practice, since each fall, I always get a surprising number of questions from people wanting to know whether they should be protecting their hardy roses.

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Hardy roses are, by definition, tough plants and don’t need winter protection. Source: &, montage:

The answer is … of course not! In this context, the word hardy means “cold resistant.” As long as the hardy rose in question is of your hardiness zone or a lower one (and many are hardy to zone 3, even 2), no protection—none at all!—is necessary. No pruning, no mounding, no rose cone. Nada!

When I say this, it always seems to surprise many gardeners. Surely you have to do something! The concept that a plant can survive without their help is hard for them to swallow. But if that’s your case, take a look around you. In the wild, there are many plants that survive extremely cold winters without a human being intervening, and that even includes many wild roses. I don’t want to ruin your self-esteem, but … you really aren’t that necessary that in the life of a hardy rose.

A Few Popular Hardy Roses

Hardy climbing rose ‘Félix Leclerc’, of the Canadian Artist series. Source:

You probably won’t be surprised to hear that many of the hardiest roses were developed in Canada, a country reputed as one of the coldest in the world. This includes the Explorer, Parkland, Canadian Artist and 49th Parallel series. All are hardy to at least zone 3. Others with exceptional hardiness include the Pavement series and such shrub roses as ‘F. J. Grootendurst’, ‘Pink Grootendurst’, ‘Schneezwerg’ (‘Snow Dwarf’), and ‘Thérèse Bugnet’, plus pretty much any hybrid rugosa rose (‘Blanc de Coubert’, ‘Hansa’, etc.).

If you live in USDA zone 4 (AgCan zone 5) or warmer, you can add Carefree, Meidiland and David Austin’s English roses to the list as well as a few polyantha roses like ’The Fairy’.

And if you live in USDA zone 5 (AgCan zone 6) or warmer, things get even easier: all the roses above will be hardy, as will most any shrub rose.

Finally, gardeners in USDA zone 6 (AgCan zone 7) or warmer—and that will include the southern United States, all of Australia and New Zealand and much of Western and Central Europe—, don’t have to give much thought to winter protection except maybe to apply a thick mulch to roses planted in more exposed spots. Most roses will be hardy in their area.

Now the Most Popular

In many areas, hardy roses are now more often sold in nurseries than the old hybrid teas and grandifloras. Source:

Hardy roses gain in popularity year after year, at least in colder climates. Where once nurseries were full of frost-tender hybrid tea and grandiflora roses that required a lot of winter protection to survive the winter, hardy roses now actually dominate. Generally, they are shrub roses, although a few can be used as climbing roses. The best hardy roses bloom all through the summer, going dormant on their own with the arrival of cold fall nights. Then they patiently wait for the return of warmer spring weather to start to grow and bloom again.

So, don’t hardy roses ever suffer any winter damage? I wouldn’t go quite that far, but when it does occur, it’s usually minor: maybe a blackened stem tip or two. That’s easy to fix: just prune off any dead wood in the spring. Of course, if the winter is unusually severe, even a hardy rose may lose an entire branch or two. If so, again, just prune the damaged part off. Hardy roses have inherited the ability to produce replacements all on their own.

Hardy roses: they offer just as much flower power as the old, frost-tender hybrid teas and grandifloras, but, in most climates, require less maintenance. What’s not to like?

Garden writer and blogger, author of 65 gardening books, lecturer and communicator, the Laidback Gardener, Larry Hodgson, passed away in October 2022. Known for his great generosity, his thoroughness and his sense of humor, he reached several generations of amateur and professional gardeners over his 40-year career. Thanks to his son, Mathieu Hodgson, and a team of contributors, will continue its mission of demystifying gardening and making it more accessible to all.

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