Gardening

The Garden Impatiens Is Back!

Imara® impatiens. Photo: http://www.twipu.com

In 2013, a fast-spreading disease—impatiens powdery mildew or IMP (Plasmopara obducens)—essentially wiped the garden impatiens (Impatiens walleriana), for over 40 years the world’s most popular annual, off the horticultural map, leaving gardeners struggling to find replacements. What other annual could bloom so wonderfully in the shade?

Then, just last May, I wrote about the news that a disease-resistant strain of garden impatiens had been developed by PanAmerican Seed and was scheduled for release in 2020 or 2021. (See Are Impatiens About to Make a Comeback?)

Well, flash forward to winter 2019 and a competing company, Syngenta, has beaten them to the punch. The new variety, Imara® XDR, is already here. In fact, you can buy seeds or plants from several mail-order sources right now! Undoubtedly certain garden centers will also be selling plants of Imara impatiens this summer.

How It Was Done

20190206B Syngenta Flowers, www.youtube.co.jpg
Imara XDR impatiens compared to existing commercial varieties. Photo: Syngenta Flowers, http://www.youtube.co

No wizardry or genetic manipulation was necessary to develop Imara impatiens. Mathijs Vermeulen, Head Grower at Syngenta Flowers, explained that over 5,000 seedlings were evaluated to find a first resistant plant. Even when inoculated with the disease or grown literally next to infected impatiens plants, the plant kept blooming massively right through the summer, while other plants wilted and died within 1 ½ to 2 weeks. Several years of crossing, backcrossing and testing were then carried out until Syngenta felt it had a strain of disease resistant impatiens that was ready for the market.

Growers were able to test drive the plant last year and are thrilled with the results. Now home gardeners will be able to get their hands on the plants as well.

What to Expect

20190205D Sygenta Flowers Europe.jpg
Imara XDR Violet. Photo: Sygenta Flowers Europe

If you decided to grow Imara impatiens this summer, here’s what to expect:

  • Good disease resistance
  • Nice range of colors
  • Excellent garden performance
  • Easy to grow
  • Adapted to both sun and shade
  • Dense mounded plant about 12 inches (30 cm) in height and spread
  • Looks and grows just like the garden impatiens you know and love.

Start seed of garden impatiens indoors about 10 weeks before the last frost date in your area. In many areas, that will be between mid-February and mid-March.

If you buy plants, don’t plant them out until all danger of frost has passed and the air and soil have warmed up.

Varieties for 2019

20190205C www.sementesvanleeuwen.com.jpg
Imara XDR Mix. Photo: http://www.sementesvanleeuwen.com

This year, you’ll be able to choose between 6 colors and a mix: Imara XDR Orange, Imara XDR Orange Star, Imara XDR Red, Imara XDR rose, Imara XDR Violet, Imara XDR White, plus Imara XDR Mix.

I’ve only been seeing the mix in seed catalogs, so you may have to go to your local garden center this spring if you want one of the separate colors. Or ask them to reserve plants for you now.

And in the Future?

20190206E www.sygentaflowers-us.com.jpg
Imara XDR Orange Star. Photo: Sygenta Flowers Europe

Syngenta is not the only company working on bringing back the garden impatiens. Expect other companies to jump into the fray over the coming years with their own selections. Will we eventually see literally hundreds of varieties of garden impatiens in all sizes, shapes and colors like before? Very probably!

The garden impatiens is definitely back: enjoy!

Mail Order

Here are some of the mail-order sources for Imara impatiens seed:

Stokes Seeds

William Dam Seeds

European readers can buy Imara plants by mail from Thompson & Morgan and Van Meuwen.

If you know of any other mail order sources of Imara impatiens for home gardeners, please let me know and I’ll update this article.

Larry Hodgson is one of Canada’s best-known garden communicators. After studies at the University of Toronto and Laval University where he obtained his B.A. in modern languages in 1978, he succeeded in combining his language skills with his passion for gardening in a novel career as a garden writer and lecturer. He has notably been editor-in-chief of HousePlant Magazine, Fleurs, Plantes et Jardins, À Fleur de Pot and Houseplant Forum magazines and is currently the garden correspondent for Le Soleil and radio garden commentator for CKIA-FM Radio. He is a regular contributor to and horticultural consultant for Fleurs, Plantes, Jardins garden magazine and has written for many other garden publications in both the United States and Canada, including Canadian Gardening, Harrowsmith, Horticulture, Fine Gardening, Rebecca’s Garden and Organic Gardening. He also speaks frequently to horticultural groups throughout Canada and the U.S. His book credits include The Garden Lover’s Guide to Canada, Complete Guide to Houseplants, Making the Most of Shade, Perennials for Every Purpose, Annuals for Every Purpose, and Houseplants for Dummies, as well as nearly 50 other titles in English and French. He can be seen in Quebec on French-language television and was notably a regular collaborator for 7 years on the TV shows Fleurs et Jardins and Salut Bonjour Weekend. He is the President of the Garden Writers Association Foundation and the winner of the prestigious 2006 Garden Media Promoter Award offered by the Perennial Plant Association. An avid proponent of garden tourism, he has lead garden tours throughout Canada and to the gardens of over 30 countries over the last 30 years. He presently resides in Quebec City, Quebec.

6 comments on “The Garden Impatiens Is Back!

  1. bayhouse1054

    On Wed, Feb 6, 2019 at 5:31 AM Laidback Gardener wrote:

    > Laidback Gardener posted: ” Imara® impatiens. Photo: http://www.twipu.com In > 2013, a fast-spreading disease—impatiens powdery mildew or IMP (Plasmopara > obducens)—essentially wiped the garden impatiens (Impatiens walleriana), > for over 40 years the world’s most popular annual, off the hort” >

  2. Joan McCloskey

    Will the Earl May garden centers carry this plant in the spring?

    • That I can’t say. They can if they want. Why don’t you ask your local store and see if they can’t order some. Do show them the blog text: they might not be up-to-date.

      • Joan McCloskey

        I did visit my local Earl May and they said that all of their plants were dictated by the corporate headquarters.

      • Not too helpful, are they? Are there any garden centers nearby that don’t belong to a chain and therefore order their own plants?

  3. Pingback: Top New Annuals for 2019 – Plants for All Seasons | Since 1973

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