Garden Myth: If You See Birds Eating Berries, They’re Edible

Standard

I can recall my father telling me this as a child. And just recently heard it again on a news report on TV, of all places, but it simply isn’t true. (Sorry, Dad!)

Birds can digest many berries that humans can’t safely eat, even poison ivy berries. Dogs and cats (especially the latter) are even more sensitive to chemical compounds found in berries than humans and the choice of berries they can safely eat is even more restricted. They can be poisoned by grapes, for example. 

Berries to Beware Of

Here are some examples of berries that are edible to birds, but poisonous to people and many pets:

Bittersweet nightshade (Solanum dulcamara) has attractive but poisonous berries. Photo: http://www.i-flora.com

Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis)
Baneberry (Actaea spp.)
Bittersweet (Celastrus spp.)
Bittersweet nightshade (Solanum dulcamara)
Boston ivy (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)
Buckthorn (Rhamnus spp.)
Chinaberry tree (Melia azedarach)
Clivia (Clivia spp.)
Common ivy (Hedera helix)
Cotoneaster (Cotoneaster spp.)
Cuckoo pint (Arum maculatum)

All parts of different daphnes, such as the February daphne (Daphne mezereum) seen here, are poisonous, including the berries. Photo: Wikimedia Commons

Daphne (Daphne spp.)
Deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna)
Elderberry (Sambucus spp.)**
Euonymus (Euonymus spp.)
Garden huckleberry* (Solanum nigrum)
Golden dewdrop (Duranta erecta)
Herb-paris (Paris spp.)
Holly (Ilex spp.)

Not all honeysuckles have poisonous berries, but choosing safe ones is complicated, so it’s best to treat them all with suspicion. Photo: Ben, http://www.flickr.com

Honeysuckle (Lonicera spp.)
Horsenettle (Solanum carolinense)
Jasmin (Jasminum spp.)
Jerusalem cherry (Solanum pseudocapsicum)
Lantana* (Lantana spp.)
Lily of the valley (Convallaria majus)
Manchineel (Hippomane mancinella)
Mayapple* (Podophyllum spp.)
Mistletoe (Viscum spp. and Phoradendron spp.)

Moonseed berries (Menispermum canadense) are sometimes mistaken for grapes… with fatal consequences. Photo: http://www.toadshade.com

Moonseed (Menispermum spp.)
Poison ivy (Toxicodendron spp.)
Pokeberry (Phytolacca spp.)
Potato (Solanum tuberosum)
Privet (Ligustrum spp.)
Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)
Yew*** (Taxus spp.)

*Unripe berries only
**The berries of some species are edible after cooking.
***The berry itself is edible when ripe, but the seed is poisonous.


Here’s a good rule to follow: if you don’t know for sure a berry is edible, don’t eat it!

4 thoughts on “Garden Myth: If You See Birds Eating Berries, They’re Edible

  1. Margaret

    Very good information. I gave my kids the correct information when they were small and they never ate any pretty berries (that I know of).

    Thanks much.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.