Beneficial insects Gardening Harmful insects

A Bumblebee Nest in the Wrong Place

Bumblebee nest. Photo:

Question: I have a bumblebee nest in the ground at the entrance to my house. How can I chase them away or outright exterminate them?

Gisele Parent

Answer: Before answering, I feel I have to point out that bumblebees (Bombus spp.), large hairy bees generally striped black and yellow, are beneficial to our gardens, being excellent pollinators and, moreover, are not aggressive. They very rarely sting. So, normally it’s best to just ignore them. If you discover a nest while gardening (usually it’s underground, but can also be found in a structure of some sort, like a bird box, a hole in a wall or a hollow tree), just avoid it. Unless you actually attack the nest or try to dig it up, they’re very unlikely to react. You could put a warning flag in front of the exit hole or, if there are children playing in the area, surround it with a fence: something that would tell all the humans in the area there’s a bumblebee nest to be avoided. And that way, both humans and bees will be happy.

Bumblebees are great pollinators, but sometimes settle down in the wrong places. Photo: Dr. Tim Newbold, www.courthousenews

But sometimes, as in your case, the nest is just in the wrong place and the risk of an unfortunate encounter with humans is very high. And I don’t think you, your family, or visitors should risk being stung, especially since some people may be allergic to bumblebee stings. So, there are situations where you just have to get rid of nesting bumblebees.

However, you cannot simply “chase them away”. This isn’t a garden of flowers you could maybe shoo the bees away from. It’s their home and the nest may host a colony of more than 100 bumblebees. Plus, the colony’s only queen will be in residence and bumblebees won’t abandon their queen. You could never “encourage” an already established colony to take up residence elsewhere: they’d rather die than move!

Extermination Looms

When a bumblebee nest is clearly in the wrong place, the easiest thing to do is to eliminate it. Kill ’em all. Sorry if that upsets the faint-hearted, but in my opinion, that’s the logical thing to do.

Wasp insecticide is designed to be sprayed into wasp nests, but works just as well on bumblebee nests. Photo:

You’ll have no trouble finding wasp spray in garden centers or hardware stores. True enough, wasp insecticide was designed to control wasp nests, but it’s effective against bumblebees as well. At night, direct the nozzle into the nest’s exit hole and push on the button to fill it with spray. Do wear gloves and long sleeves, just in case, but there is little danger. Bumblebees can’t fly in the dark. If ever a few manage to get out of the nest, they’ll be more confused than angry and they’ be crawling, not flying.

Sometimes you need to apply a second treatment the following evening to finish the job.

If that’s too much for you, bring in an exterminator.

But Couldn’t You Move the Nest?

Actually, that’s probably crueler than just spraying the nest and getting things done fast. 

Trying to dig up and move a bumblebee nest is a very delicate operation and you usually end up seriously damaging it. Also, the stress to the colony of the disruption is such that it rarely recovers from such a move. They’ll all die anyway; it will just take longer. And if you really wanted bumblebees to sting you, that would be the way.

The exception is when the nest is located in an object that you can easily move (a flowerpot, a birdhouse, etc.). Even then, don’t move it more than 6 feet (2 m) or so from its original location; otherwise the bumblebees will become disoriented when they take off on a pollinating mission and won’t be able to find their way back home.

Red light flashlights are used, among other things, to study nocturnal animals. Photo:

Move the nest at night, wearing protective clothing just in case. Ideally, you’d have the help of a friend to hold a red light flashlight* to light your way.

*Bumblebees can’t see in red light, but you can. 

Or Let Ma Nature Do It!

So much for what to do in the summer, when bumblebees are most active. However, I received this message on September 21st, and that means there is another possible solution.

I’d like to suggest you wait a few weeks, maybe even just a few days. Because the problem is about to correct itself. That’s because bumblebee colonies are annual structures, lived in once, never to serve again. And the end is nigh!

Bumblebee nest abandoned at the end of the season. Photo: Joe Forrest,

Each fall, the entire colony dies with the onset of cold weather. So, by the end of September, the season is already almost over. In fact, the bumblebees are probably already less active and may, in fact, already be dying.

Next season’s nests will be founded come spring by new queens. They already left the old nest a while back, mated and, now filled with fertile eggs, are hibernating somewhere underground. In spring, the new queens will again take flight and search for an ideal new home. They’re not interested in old nests, as they likely harbor predators and diseases. They want a fresh start.

Maybe you actually only noticed the nest a day or two ago, but if so, look again. This is so close to the end of the season that there may already no longer be any bees entering and leaving the nest. And why spray a dead colony?!

If the bumblebees are still active and you simply can’t wait, by all means, use insecticide as mentioned above to hasten the end of the colony. It’s already living its last days anyway.

Garden writer and blogger, author of 65 gardening books, lecturer and communicator, the Laidback Gardener, Larry Hodgson, passed away in October 2022. Known for his great generosity, his thoroughness and his sense of humor, he reached several generations of amateur and professional gardeners over his 40-year career. Thanks to his son, Mathieu Hodgson, and a team of contributors, will continue its mission of demystifying gardening and making it more accessible to all.

7 comments on “A Bumblebee Nest in the Wrong Place

  1. ldkmelon

    I fully agree that if something is in an unfortunate spot it needs to be gone, it is what it is. If an exterminator or insecticide is genuinely needed, that also is what it is. I just wanted to mention that soapy water, diatamecous earth, a borax solition, any of those will be able to kill bees they touch by suffocation with less lasting impact on the local environment than insecticides, which continue to kill local wildlife for many months after their use.

  2. Sarah mcDowell

    I’ve been watching a bumblebees nest next to my patio for the last few weeks. Large and small loving the pea hydrangeas in flower. Sad that they will die off soon,but still so busy. They seem to have a few that fly constantly around the nest.could they be guarding it

  3. Sofia Cone

    We recently noticed a bumble bee hive at our front door. We have a metal lantern that a bird had nested in a couple of seasons ago and the bees have moved in. They are so cute to watch move in and out of the hive. Thanks for the information. We will not be touching the hive. It is going to be a great summer!

      • blossom5551

        This was very informative. Love bumblebees since a child and always thought of them as wearing fur coats with black boots lol. They are so cute and not aggressive. I had found a lone one last fall inside an empty plant container and was surprised to see it still in there days later so I did some research about how to give it energy and how to protect it from the elements. It is then I learned that it was actually dying as per their cycle and was informed that the queen etc would be hibernating by then and this was a worker bee 🙁 so all I could do is leave it alone-I had put it in an empty shoe box already with holes with some leaves inside etc when I learned so just had to leave it be.

  4. We’ve had a bumblebee nest right next to our porch steps all summer. Not a single sting to us or our dogs, despite lots of in and out foot traffic. It’s been fun to watch them. Use the nest as a teaching moment for your children. Bees are important, and our bumblebees have been incredibly gentle. They’ve bumped into us a few times but have NOT stung.

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