A wide variety of vegetables lend themselves to early spring planting because they do well or are tolerant of cooler weather.
Because weather varies so much—areas can experience an “early” or “late” spring—it is unwise to put an exact starting date on when to sow. A rule of thumb is when the ground is no longer frozen and can be worked, and when nighttime temperatures are consistently above freezing. This could mean as early as January in very mild areas or as late as May in more northern ones.
- English peas or snap peas are good to start early. Snap peas have edible pods that are crunchy and tasty.
- Snow peas are another class—these are great in stir-fry dishes or for eating fresh.
- Lettuces and other leafy greens, such as mesclun and arugula, are great for salads or as pizza toppings.
- Spinach loves cooler temperatures and will mature in about 40 days.
- Beets are another early starter. Try one of the new shapes or colors for a healthy crunch that can mature in about 50 days.
- Broccoli, Brussels sprouts and cabbage are all cole crops or brassicas. For these crops, it is often best to purchase bedding plants and transplant them to the garden. They will mature more quickly than starting from seed, and the theory is that they will mature before the summer heat causes them to bolt (go to seed).
- Carrots mature in about 70 days and can be harvested when small for flavor and color. Sowing the seed thinly, to begin with, will mean less thinning later.
- Swiss chard adds color to the garden and any recipe you use it in; plus it is highly nutritious.
- Radishes can be sweet or hot, they provide color in salads and cooking, and they are a relatively fast crop. Early harvesting yields smaller radishes, but with a more subtle flavor preferred by many cooks.
- Sow Pak Choi 4–5 weeks before the last frost. It can be harvested early for baby greens or wait until it just forms a heart and use in stir-fries.
Helpful Hint: When sowing extra early. always keep a sheet of floating row cover (frost blanket) on hand in case temperatures suddenly take a dip into the deep freeze. Just cover the seed bed and young plants and use pegs, bricks, rocks or soil to hold the cover in place. Remove when temperatures warm up again.
Article and photos adapted from a press release by the National Garden Bureau.