Have Your Hedge and Eat It Too

 By Larry Hodgson

It’s easier to justify the cost of installing a hedge if it not only provides a visible barrier or boundary for your property, but also something to put on the table. 

So, when you’re considering hedge possibilities, you should include not only strictly ornamental shrubs, but also edible ones.

The haskap makes an excellent hedge and at the same time produces delicious fruit! Photo: Opioła Jerzy, Wikimedia Commons

Here are some examples of temperate climates plants that will provide a useful hedge with edible benefits:

Species Edible Part
Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis) Shoot
Blueberry, bilberry, cranberry, huckleberry (Vaccinium spp.)Fruit
Chokeberry (Aronia spp.)Fruit
Currant, blackcurrant, gooseberry (Ribes spp.)Fruit
Dwarf Cherry (Prunus tomentosa)Fruit
Elderberry (Sambucus spp.)Fruit, flower
Goji (Lycium barbarum)Fruit
Haskap, honeyberry (Lonicera caerulea)Fruit
Hazel, filbert (Corylus spp.)Nut
Mahonia, Oregon grape (Mahonia spp.)Fruit
Plum (Prunus spp.)Fruit
Rose (Rosa spp.)Fruit
Sea Buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides)Fruit
Serviceberry (Amelanchier spp.)Fruit
Hedge of white rugosa rose (Rosa rugosa ‘Alba’): white summer flowers, red edible fall fruits. Photo: http://www.eggert-baumschulen.de

Garden writer and blogger, author of more than 60 gardening books, the laidback gardener, Larry Hodgson, lives and gardens in Quebec City, Canada. The Laidback Gardener blog offers more than 2,500 articles to passionate home gardeners, always with the goal of demystifying gardening and making it easier for even novice gardeners. If you have a gardening question, enter it in Search: the answer is probably already there!

9 comments on “Have Your Hedge and Eat It Too

  1. We have 7 honeyberry bushes and they are sooooo slow growing. The fruits are very delicious. First fruits in spring too.

  2. Lilacs, dogwood, willows and buffaloberry are all good hedge plants

  3. ‘Meyer’ lemon works nicely, but needs to be pruned into shape. (It is shrubbier than other citrus.) In our mild climate, deciduous plants are not used for hedges. Only very old landscapes include hedges that are deciduous.

  4. Jamie Martin

    Would you be able to suggest hedge plants that don’t sucker? There’s a 30 year-old lilac privacy hedge around my pool (zone 4, full sun), and while it does its job and is heavenly when it blooms, I’m forever fighting suckers. And forget trying to underplant it with anything, those suckers grow right through ☹
    Thank you!

    • Actually, most hedge shrubs don’t sucker. I don’t have time to make a list, but you could check before you buy them. There are even many lilacs that don’t sucker… although the common lilac can be a real monster!

  5. Rosa rugosa was one of the first shrubs I planted here in zone 5. It’s a beautiful care-free rose that produces large rose hips that people and birds can eat. We treat it much as you would Rose of Sharon. Plant it where you can mow all around it – this way you can prevent it from popping up where you don’t want it. It makes a great looking rose hedge and the best part is it requires no spraying or fertilizer. Plus you can leave the rose hips for the birds to eat over the winter.

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