Gardening Houseplants Light Needs of Plants

How Long Can You Expect a Houseplant to Live?

Photo: depositphotos & favpng.jpg

Misleading information from suppliers shortens the lives of our houseplants.

By Larry Hodgson

When you buy a houseplant, you probably expect yours to survive at least 2 or 3 years. In fact, you might well think it will live forever. But did you know that the vendor considers the natural life expectancy of a foliage plant or succulent to be … 8 weeks? And only 4 weeks in the case of a flowering plant? Decidedly, garden centers and florists are not very confident in the ability of their customers to care for houseplants! 

Sadly, this belief—that 8 weeks is the normal lifespan of a foliage or succulent plant and 4 weeks, that of a flowering one—can have a negative influence on the success you actually do have with the plant, at least in the medium and long term. That’s because the information the seller gives about caring for your plant is based on their acceptance of this very limited lifespan. Here’s an example:

This rubber plant, grown in the shade as per the vendor’s instructions, has lost most of its leaves. If its owner doesn’t react quickly, it will die from lack of light. Photo: playituncleleo, garden.org

The label on the rubber plants (Ficus elastica) sold in my local garden center bear a symbol indicating that they can be grown in low light. How reassuring! In most homes, sun is at a premium. How nice to know that I can stick my new rubber plant in a dark corner and expect it to thrive.

However, the rubber plant is not a low-light plant, not if you want it to live a long life. Rather, it needs good light at all times and in fact prefers a few hours of sun daily, if not full sun. But it can tolerate low light for a lengthy period, well over 8 weeks, before it starts to deteriorate, so the supplier feels justified in sticking a “low-light plant” symbol on the label.

Thus, the poor rubber plant stuck in that dark corner will hold on, though it won’t thrive, for months, sometimes even up to half a year … but when it finally does use up the last of its stored energy, it will die. Of course, the supplier feels no guilt over this—hey, the plant lasted more than 8 weeks!—but the plant’s new owner is disappointed and probably feels guilty. Where did they go wrong? This is even sadder in that the rubber plant is particularly long-lived: properly maintained, it can thrive in the average home for decades … just not in low light.

Misinformation and Inappropriate Practices

It’s not just a matter of lighting, of course, although you’d be surprised at how few “low light plants” really can live for long periods in poor light. Here are some other bits of misinformation that can be conveyed by suppliers who see houseplants as perishable items rather than living organisms:

  • If a given plant can tolerate dry air temporarily, the label will likely claim it is adapted to dry air, even if it needs good atmospheric humidity for its long-term survival.
  • Carnivorous plants require rainwater or distilled water for their long-term survival and will be killed by tap water … but not immediately. The label is unlikely to inform you of this inconvenient truth.
  • You may be told to you can water an orchid by placing ice cubes on its roots … but this leads to constant dehydration and such a treatment will weaken it and eventually kill it, but not within 8 weeks.
  • Cactus are often sold in terrariums, yet the high humidity and low light that reign in a terrarium will eventually cause them to rot … but often only 4, 5 or 6 months down the line.
  • You may be told that your air plant (Tillandsia) gets all moisture it needs from the surrounding air and never needs more than the occasional spray of water … advice which results in a slow but fatal dehydration. (Learn more about how to really succeed with air plants in the article How to Make Air Plants Thrive.) 

Where to Find the Correct Information

The garden centers that sell houseplants don’t make the labels with misleading information; they just sell the plants as they are shipped to them, misleading label and all. So, skip the label and instead ask questions of a real person! There is almost always a trustworthy, knowledgeable gardener on staff who can really give you the correct growing information about the plant you’re interested in.

Websites that claim to have answers to everything are horrible places to find information on houseplants: they generally just parrot the misinformation the original supplier gave. The same goes for any website that seems to see houseplants as elements of interior design. However, there are plenty of good houseplant websites, especially those associated with universities with a horticulture program or that are run by people who are obviously plant nuts. You can find trustworthy information there.

One of my houseplant books.

And most houseplant books are written by people who are truly passionate about plants and have considerable experience with them, so they also supply excellent information on houseplants. I’ve written many books on houseplants myself and confess to being a plant nut: maybe you can find one of mine?

The True Life Expectancy of Houseplants

How long can a houseplant really live?

The florist’s cineraria (Pericallis × hybrida): pretty as a picture, but it won’t live long. Photo: Jean, Flickr

Obviously, there are plants that are naturally short-lived under indoor conditions and you should indeed use them as the seller intended: as short-term decorations. I call them “gift plants” and inevitably they are plants raised in cool greenhouses under high humidity: no one legitimately considers them to be true houseplants. This group includes cinerarias, calceolarias, lilies, hydrangeas, and spring bulbs.

Other than these few ephemerals, there is in fact almost no limit to how long most “true houseplants” can live if you give them the conditions they require: good light, good humidity, appropriate watering, adequate temperatures, etc. People often write to me about houseplants they’ve been growing for 20 years or longer and are still thriving.

The oldest indoor plant in the world,Encephalartos altensteinii, is over 245 years old. Photo: tato grasso, Wikimedia Commons

The oldest indoor plant in the world is said to be an Eastern Cape giant cycad (Encephalartos altensteinii). It has been growing in the greenhouses of Kew Gardens since 1775 and is still in perfect health. Ten to one the original vendor’s label didnt recommend it as a low-light plant!

Article originally published on December 4, 2015. 

Larry Hodgson is one of Canada’s best-known garden communicators. He has notably been editor-in-chief of HousePlant Magazine, Fleurs, Plantes et Jardins, À Fleur de Pot and Houseplant Forum magazines and is currently the garden correspondent for Le Soleil and radio garden commentator for CKIA-FM Radio. He has written for many garden publications in both the United States and Canada, including Canadian Gardening, Harrowsmith, Horticulture, Fine Gardening and Organic Gardening. He also speaks frequently to horticultural groups throughout Canada and the U.S. His book credits include The Garden Lover’s Guide to Canada, Complete Guide to Houseplants, Making the Most of Shade, Perennials for Every Purpose, Annuals for Every Purpose, and Houseplants for Dummies, as well as nearly 60 other titles in English and French. He is a past president of the Garden Writers Association (now Garden Communicators International) and the winner of the prestigious 2006 Garden Media Promoter Award offered by the Perennial Plant Association. He resides in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada.

5 comments on “How Long Can You Expect a Houseplant to Live?

  1. Thanks for this timely article. Almost a bigger pet peeve for me is when a plant is labeled “Tropical” and that’s all the information you get.

    Grrrrr!

  2. Great article. I have plants that were passed down to from my mother that are over 50 years old.

  3. I had a 20 year old peace Lilly. It sadly popped it’s clogs as I accidentally over watered it…it was like loosing a friend. My parents have money trees that are over 40 years old.

  4. Sadly, the landscape industry is not much better. Landscapes need to look good only long enough for the so-called ‘landscaper’ to get paid. Seriously though, many of the modern cultivars are designed to fail, so that consumers must consume more. Sustainability is a blatant lie. Getting back to houseplants, some of them can live indefinitely. My bamboo palm, which temporarily lives in the garden, came into my home just after the Earthquake in 1989. Several of the houseplants that I acquired at that time were still with me when I left that home in 2006, and should be with me now if I had taken better care of them.

Leave a Reply

Sign up for the Laidback Gardener blog and receive articles in your inbox every morning!

%d bloggers like this: