Houseplants

How to Stimulate Dracena Ramification

Larry Hodgson has published thousands of articles and 65 books over the course of his career, in both French and English. His son, Mathieu, has made it his mission to make his father’s writings available to the public. This article was originally published in À fleur de pot magazine in November 1985.

Dracéna avec une seule tige
Dracena with a single stem. Photo: Maja Dumat.

Question

My Dracaena reflexa var. angustifolia (often known as Dracaena marginata) is 3 ft (1 meter) tall, but has no branches. I know I could stimulate branching by topping it, but I’m afraid such a practice would leave a stump or scar. I’ve seen one that was very branched but with no apparent wound. How do I do this?

Elaine Stutt, Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan

Answer

In nature, Dracaena reflexa var. angustifolia branches naturally, but only when the plant reaches adult stage. However, indoors, Dracaenas usually remain in their juvenile form throughout their life, as they don’t receive enough light to grow normally. You can cut off its head to stimulate branching, but the tree will bear an unattractive scar for a long time. And, since its growth tip is hidden in its foliage, it is difficult to pinch it off as you can with other plants. Unless you buy one that already has several branches (such plants are available in specialized stores), there is only one other way: turn it upside down!

Dracaena reflexa var. angustifolia à l'extérieur avec plusieurs ramifications
Dracaena reflexa var. angustifolia outdoors with several branches. Photo: Forest & Kim Starr

Apical Dominance

You see, the reason your dracena doesn’t make branches is because there are hormones that prevent it from doing so. This is called apical dominance. The growth of the top of the plant is stimulated at the expense of the dormant buds on the stem. When the growth tip is pinched, hormones are released and the lateral buds are stimulated. This results in branches. If the head of the plant is lower than the stem, the same diffusion of hormones takes place and new branches will result.

Branches de dracéna attachées vers le bas avec des repoussent à la base.
New branches can be seen forming at the base. Photo: u/dammit-smalls.

Dracena head down

There are two ways to turn your dracena “upside down”. In young specimens, lay the plant on its side, placing the pot so that the head is lower than the stem. In the case of large specimens, a weight can be attached to the main stem. The dracena bends quite easily without breaking. After a few months, new branches will appear. It should be noted that this type of treatment also causes the main stem to become crooked. The head of the plant will try to straighten up during its “upside down” period, but the result is no less decorative. The multi-stemmed “crooked” dracena is actually the most appreciated by decorators.

Here’s some more information about the Dracaena family.

Garden writer and blogger, author of 65 gardening books, lecturer and communicator, the Laidback Gardener, Larry Hodgson, passed away in October 2022. Known for his great generosity, his thoroughness and his sense of humor, he reached several generations of amateur and professional gardeners over his 40-year career. Thanks to his son, Mathieu Hodgson, and a team of contributors, laidbackgardener.blog will continue its mission of demystifying gardening and making it more accessible to all.

2 comments on “How to Stimulate Dracena Ramification

  1. Thank you for this! I inherited a plant a few years ago with a 7 foot long wavy stem and a bit of leaves just at the top, and couldn’t figure out what to do with it. I’m now fairly certain it’s this Dracaena, and love the idea of revitalizing it! I’m so glad that Larry’s treasure trove of knowledge lives on.

  2. Oh, this one is risky. It is frustrating here because it grows so easily with adult branching in Southern California. I have killed a few by merely pinching off the terminal bud. They languished for a while, but eventually died. A very tall one lived in Bank of America downtown, but no one wanted to cut the tip off. It looked silly.

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