150 Flowers That Attract Hummingbirds

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Female ruby-throated hummingbird visiting a Uruguayan firecracker plant (Dicliptera suberecta). Source: giphy.com

One of the most sought-after backyard birds in the New World* is also the smallest: the tiny but very active hummingbird. What joy to receive the visit of this little winged helicopter in your own backyard! And hummingbirds are so easy to attract!

*There are no hummingbirds in the Old World or Australia. The some 300 species are strictly limited to the New World.
20180430B Rick from Alabama : Flickr.jpg

Male ruby-throated hummingbird (Archilochus colubris) on pentas flowers. It’s the only hummingbird species commonly seen in Eastern North America. Source: Rick from Alabama, Flickr

The hummingbird is the only bird in its territory to feed almost exclusively on floral nectar, although it does gain a few proteins by gobbling up the insects it finds in flowers. So, the more flowers you have in your garden, the more likely you are to attract hummingbirds. You can add a few hummingbird feeders as well, but remember, they aren’t as good for the birds’ health. They still need to visit more flowers than feeders if they are to thrive!

20180430D Aqulegia canadensis sunlightgardens.com.jpeg

Many hummingbird flowers, like this Canada columbine (Aqulegia canadensis), have spurs behind the flower that are full of nectar. Source: sunlightgardens.com

Hummingbirds prefer flowers that are rich in nectar. Often, such flowers have a tubular shape or backward or upward spacing spurs where more nectar can be stored. That’s because, with their long beaks, hummers are often the only creatures that can reach the nectar at the end of long floral tubes, thus ensuring it is not looted beforehand by competing insects!

20180430B2 WC.jpg

Female ruby-throated hummingbird clearly interested in the purple flowers of Salvia guaranitica ‘Black and Blue’. Source: Wikimedia Commons

Although popular knowledge has it that hummingbirds prefer red flowers and they do indeed love red, they will in fact visit flowers of all colors.

Note, though, that they are not particularly attracted to perfumed flowers. (Most scented flowers are trying to attract insect pollinators.) And highly double flowers are usually so packed with petals hummingbirds can’t reach the nectar they need, so single flowers are preferable.

Plenty of Choice!

Here is a list of some 150 plants that hummingbirds love to visit:

  1. Abelia (Abelia spp.) zones 5 to 8, according to species
  2. Agapanthus (Agapanthus spp.) container plant or zone 7
  3. Agastache (Agastache spp.) zones 3 to 8, according to species
  4. Agave (Agave spp.) houseplant or zones 7 to 11, according to species
  5. Ageratum (Ageratum houstonianum) annual
  6. Aloe (Aloe spp.) houseplant or zone 9
  7. Anise hyssop (Agastache foeniculum) zone 4
  8. Apple (Malus spp.) zone 3
  9. Azalea (Rhododendron spp.) zones 2 to 10, according to species
  10. Baptisia (Baptisia spp.) zone 3
  11. Beautybush (Kolkwitzia amabilis) zone 4
  12. Beebalm (Monarda spp.) zone 3

    20180430C Begonia boliviensis Starshine Red, www.jparkers.co.uk.jpg

    Begonia boliviensis ‘Starshine Red’. Source: http://www.jparkers.co.uk

  13. Begonia (Begonia spp., especially B. boliviensis) annual or tender bulb
  14. Bellflower (Campanula spp.) zones 3 to 7, according to species
  15. Bergamot (Monarda spp.) zone 3
  16. Bergenia (Bergenia spp.) zone 3
  17. Black Locust (Robinia pseudacacia)) zones 4 to 8, according to species
  18. Bleeding Heart (Dicentra spp.) zone 3
  19. Bluebeard (Caryopteris spp.) zones 5 to 8, according to species
  20. Bolivian Sunset (Gloxinia sylvatica, syn.Seemannia sylvatica and others) zone 8
  21. Bottlebrush (Callistemon spp.) houseplant or zone 9
  22. Bouvardia (Bouvardia spp.) houseplant or zone 8
  23. Buckeye (Aesculus spp.) zones 4b to 8, according to species
  24. Bush Honeysuckle (Diervilla spp.) zone 3
  25. Butterfly Bush (Buddleia davidii) zone 6b
  26. Buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis) zone 4
  27. Cactus (Echinocereus spp., Opuntia spp. etc.) zones 3 to 10, according to species
  28. Calamint (Calamintha spp. and Clinopodium nepeta) zones 3 to 8, according to species
  29. Calibrachoa (Calibrachoa spp.) annual
  30. California Fuchsia (Epilobium canum, syn. Zauschneria californica) zone 4
  31. Canna (Canna spp.) tender bulb or zone 8
  32. Cape Honeysuckle (Tecoma capensis) zone 10
  33. Caragana (Caragana spp.) zone 3
  34. Cardinal Flower (Lobelia cardinalis) zone 2
  35. Carnation (Dianthus spp.) annual or zones 4 to 7, according to species

    20180430J Silene Regia Royal Catchfly www.tapatalk.com.jpg

    Royal catchfly (Silene regia) visited by a female ruby-throated hummingbird. Source: http://www.tapatalk.com

  36. Catchfly (Silene spp.) annual or zone 3
  37. Catnip (Nepeta spp.) zone 3
  38. Cestrum (Cestrum spp.) zone 8
  39. Cigar Plant (Cuphea ignea) annual or houseplant
  40. Clematis (Clematis spp.) zones 2 to 9, according to species
  41. Cleome (Cleome hasslerana) annual
  42. Climbing Alstroemeria (Bomarea spp.) tropical climber
  43. Columbine (Aquilegia spp.) zone 3
  44. Coral Bean, Coral Tree (Erythrina spp.) zones 7 to 10, according to species
  45. Crabapple (Malus spp.) zone 3
  46. Crocosmia (Crocosmia spp.) zone 6
  47. Cup Plant (Silphium spp.) zone 3

    20180430L Cuphea x 'David Verity' www.fbts.com.jpg

    Cuphea x ‘David Verity’. Source: http://www.fbts.com

  48. Cuphea (Cuphea spp.) annual
  49. Currant (Ribes spp.) zone 4
  50. Cypress Vine (Ipomoea quamoclit) annual climber
  51. Dahlia (Dahliaspp.) zone 8 or tender bulb
  52. Daylily (Hemerocallis spp.) zone 3
  53. Delphinium (Delphinium spp.) zone 3
  54. Desert Willow (Chilopsis linearis) zone 8
  55. Dipladenia (Mandevilla spp.) tropical climber
  56. Dwarf Poinciana (Caesalpinia spp.) houseplant or zone 9
  57. Echinacea (Echinacea spp.) zone 3 or 4
  58. Evening Primrose (Oenothera spp.) zones 2 to 7, according to species
  59. False Agave (Manfreda spp. and x Mangave cvs) houseplant or zone 8
  60. False Lupin (Baptisia spp.) zone 3
  61. Firecracker Bush (Bouvardia spp.) houseplant or zone 8
  62. Firecracker Vine (Manettia spp.) climbing houseplant or zone 8
  63. Firespike (Odontonema strictum) annual or zone 10
  64. Fireweed (Chamaenerion angustifolium, syn. Epilobium angustifolium) zone 2
  65. Flowering Maple (Abutilon spp.) annual
  66. Flowering Tobacco (Nicotiana spp.) annual
  67. Four O’Clock (Mirabilis jalapa) annual or zone 9
  68. Foxglove (Digitalis spp.)zone 4
  69. Foxtail Lily (Eremurus spp.) zone 4

    20180430F Fuchsia magellanica, Jano Vega, www.flickr.com.jpg

    Fuchsia magellanica. Source: Jano Vega, http://www.flickr.com

  70. Fuchsia (Fuchsia spp.) container plant or zones 7 to 11, according to species
  71. Gayfeather (Liatris spp.) zone 3
  72. Gentian (Gentiana spp.) zones 2 to 6, according to species
  73. Germander (Teucrium spp.) zones 4 to 7, according to species
  74. Giant Hyssop (Agastache spp.) zones 3 to 8, according to species
  75. Ginger (Alpinia spp., Costus spp., Hedychium spp., Zingiber spp.) zone 10
  76. Goldenrod (Solidago spp) zone 3
  77. Grevillea (Grevillea spp.) container plant or zones 8 to 11, according to species
  78. Hawthorn (Crataegus spp.) zone 3
  79. Heuchera (Heuchera spp.) zone 3
  80. Hibiscus (Hibiscus spp.) zones 5 to 11, according to species
  81. Hollyhock (Alcea rosea) zone 3

    20180430E LonicerabrowniiDropmoreScarlet www.perryhillnurseries.co.uk .jpg

    Climbing honeysuckle (Lonicera x brownii ‘Dropmore Scarlet’. Source: http://www.perryhillnurseries.co.uk

  82. Honeysuckle (Lonicera spp.) zone 3 to 6, according to species
  83. Horse Chestnut (Aesculus spp.) zones 4b to 8, according to species
  84. Hosta (Hosta spp.) zone 3
  85. Hummingbird Bush (Hamelia patens) houseplant or zone 9
  86. Hummingbird Mint (Agastache spp.) zones 3 to 8, according to species
  87. Hummingbird Trumpet (Epilobium canum, syn. Zauschneria californica) zone 4
  88. Impatiens (Impatiens wallerianaI. hawkeri, etc.) annual
  89. Indian Pink (Spigelia marilandica) zone 4
  90. Iris (Iris spp.) zones 2 to 9, according to species
  91. Ironweed (Vernonia spp.) zones 4 to 6, according to species
  92. Jacobinia (Justicia spp.) houseplant or zone 10

    20180430G Impatiens du Cap Tony Alter, WC.jpg

    Jewelweed (Impatiens capensis), native throughout much of North America, is popular with hummingbirds. Source: Tony Alter, Wikimedia Commons

  93. Jewelweed (Impatiens capensis) annual
  94. Lantana (Lantana camara) zone 8
  95. Lily (Lilium spp.) zones 3 to 7, according to species
  96. Lily-of-the-Nile (Agapanthus spp.) container or zone 7
  97. Lion’s Ear (Leonitis spp.) annual
  98. Locust (Robinia spp.) zones 4 to 8, according to species
  99. Lupin (Lupinus spp.) zone 3
  100. Mandevilla (Mandevilla spp.) tropical climber

    20180430H Mirabilis_jalapa, Juni WC.jpg

    Note the trumpet-shaped blooms of marvel of Peru or four o’clock (Mirabiis jalapa). Source: Juni, Wikimedia Commons

  101. Marvel of Peru (Mirabilis jalapa) annual or zone 9
  102. Mexican Lily (Beschorneria spp.) zone 9
  103. Milkweed (Asclepias spp.) annual or zones 3 to 10, according to species
  104. Mimosa (Albizia julibrissin) zone 7
  105. Mimulus (Mimulus spp.) annual
  106. Morning Glory (Ipomoea spp.) annual climber
  107. Nasturtium (Tropaeolum spp.) annual
  108. Nepeta (Nepeta spp.) zone 3
  109. Obedient Plant (Physostegia virginiana) zone 2
  110. Oswego Tea (Monarda spp.) zone 3
  111. Peashrub (Caragana spp.) zone 3
  112. Pelargonium (Pelargonium spp.) annual
  113. Pentas (Pentas lanceolata) annual
  114. Penstemon (Penstemon spp.) annual or zones 2 to 8
  115. Peruvian Lily (Alstroemeria spp.) houseplant or zone 6 to 10, according to species

    20180430K d-bud-www-network54-com.jpg

    Female hummingbird visiting star petunia (Petunia exserta) flowers. Source: Bud, http://www.network54.com

  116. Petunia, Star (Petunia exserta) annual
  117. Phlox (Phlox spp.) annual or zone 3b
  118. Pincushion Flower (Scabiosa spp.) annual or zone 4
  119. Pink (Dianthus spp.) zones 2 to 7, according to species
  120. Pride of Barbados (Caesalpinia spp.) houseplant or zone 9
  121. Princess Lily (Alstroemeria spp.) houseplant or zone 6 to 10, according to species
  122. Purple Coneflower (Echinacea spp.) zone 3 or 4
  123. Red Birds in a Tree (Scrophularia macrantha) zone 4
  124. Red Yucca (Hesperaloe spp.) zone 7
  125. Rhododendron (Rhododendron spp.) zones 2 to 10, according to species
  126. Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) annual or zone 7
  127. Russian Olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) zone 2b
  128. Salvia or Sage (Salvia spp.) annual and zones 4 to 11, according to species
  129. Scarlet Betony (Stachys coccinea) zone 7
  130. Scarlet Runner Bean (Phaseolus coccineus) annual climber

    20180430I Justicia brandegeeana, Rror, WC.jpg

    Shrimp plant (Justicia brandeegeeana).  Rror, Wikimedia Commons)

  131. Shrimp Plant (Justicia brandegeeana, syn. Beloperone guttata) houseplant or zone 10
  132. Silk Tree (Albizia julibrissin) zone 7
  133. Silphium (Silphium spp.) zone 3
  134. Snapdragon (Antirrhinum majus) annual
  135. Soapwort (Saponaria spp.) zone 3
  136. Sundrop (Oenothera spp.) zones 2 to 7, according to species
  137. Sweet William (Dianthus barbatus) annual or zone 4
  138. Texas Firecracker (Anisacanthus spp.) zone 8
  139. Tritome (Kniphofia spp.) zone 6
  140. Trumpet Vine (Campsis radicans) zone 6
  141. Tuberose (Polianthes tuberosa) tender bulb
  142. Turk’s Cap (Malvaviscus spp.) houseplant or zone 9
  143. Turtlehead (Chelone spp.) zone 3
  144. Uruguayan Firecracker Plant (Dicliptera suberecta) houseplant or zone 10
  145. Verbena (Verbena spp.) annual
  146. Veronica (Veronica spp.) zones 2 to 7, according to species
  147. Weigela (Weigela spp.) zones 3 to 5, according to species
  148. Wild Indigo (Baptisia spp.) zone 3
  149. Wishbone flower (Torenia spp.) annual
  150. Yucca (Yucca spp.) houseplant or zones 3 to 10, according to species
  151. Zinnia (Zinnia spp.) annual20180430B Rick from Alabama : Flickr.jpg
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