Herbs

Are All Thymes Edible?

Creeping thyme

By Larry Hodgson

Question: I noticed on by the road near my house in Vermont a herb that looks and smells like thyme. An herbalist friend assures me it’s creeping thyme. Is it edible?

Louise

Answer: No thyme is native to Vermont or indeed, anywhere in the New World (they’re all from Eurasia or North Africa), but several species occasionally escape from cultivation and establish themselves in fields, parking lots, roadsides and other sunny locations. Creeping thyme (Thymus serpyllum), also called wild thyme, a thyme with a distinctly creeping habit, rarely exceeding 1 inch (2 cm) in height and used mainly as an ornamental plant, belongs to this group of “occasional garden escapees.”

All thymes (and there are over 350 species in the genus Thymus) are edible and this includes varieties usually thought of as ornamental or medicinal. However, some are more popular in cooking than others. Sometimes their taste or aroma is bland or not particularly pleasant, but often it’s just a question of habit: cooks simply haven’t traditionally used those species in the kitchen. There really isn’t any other explanation!

Creeping thyme is in this category: not that it doesn’t have a pleasant smell and great taste, but it is just not used in cooking on a regular basis. 

Common thyme in a raised bed.
Common thyme (T. vulgaris). Photo: Chris.urs-o, Wikimedia Commons

The thyme usually used in cooking, T. vulgaris, called common thyme, garden thyme or just plain “thyme” , also escapes cultivation, but has a bushier habit, forming a small dome rather than a carpet. Other species, such as lemon thyme (Thymus citriodorus), are also considered primarily culinary thymes.

All thymes also attract bees and they will produce delicious thyme honey in areas, such as around the Mediterranean, where thyme grows abundantly.

Larry Hodgson is one of Canada’s best-known garden communicators. He has notably been editor-in-chief of HousePlant Magazine, Fleurs, Plantes et Jardins, À Fleur de Pot and Houseplant Forum magazines and is currently the garden correspondent for Le Soleil and radio garden commentator for CKIA-FM Radio. He has written for many garden publications in both the United States and Canada, including Canadian Gardening, Harrowsmith, Horticulture, Fine Gardening and Organic Gardening. He also speaks frequently to horticultural groups throughout Canada and the U.S. His book credits include The Garden Lover’s Guide to Canada, Complete Guide to Houseplants, Making the Most of Shade, Perennials for Every Purpose, Annuals for Every Purpose, and Houseplants for Dummies, as well as nearly 60 other titles in English and French. He is a past president of the Garden Writers Association (now Garden Communicators International) and the winner of the prestigious 2006 Garden Media Promoter Award offered by the Perennial Plant Association. He resides in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada.

3 comments on “Are All Thymes Edible?

  1. I have a beautiful carpet of creeping thyme but patches of it seem to be drying out. Anyone have any ideas as to how to treat this? Do I cut it down and hope that that the surrounding plants spread?

  2. Creeping thyme is commonly grown between stepping stones so that it is aromatic if stepped on. It all sounds so cliche to me, although I do like the aroma. I prefer to keep such ground cover edged off of such stones, and I prefer to not trample what is between such stones. Anyway, like rosemary (which I just featured), and as you mentioned, the culinary cultivars have better flavor than the simple creeping thyme. Also, the creeping thyme gets dirty while so close to the ground, and only the tiny bits of foliage on top are useful. It is easier to collect bigger bits from culinary types.

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