Herbs

Are All Thymes Edible?

Creeping thyme

By Larry Hodgson

Question: I noticed on by the road near my house in Vermont a herb that looks and smells like thyme. An herbalist friend assures me it’s creeping thyme. Is it edible?

Louise

Answer: No thyme is native to Vermont or indeed, anywhere in the New World (they’re all from Eurasia or North Africa), but several species occasionally escape from cultivation and establish themselves in fields, parking lots, roadsides and other sunny locations. Creeping thyme (Thymus serpyllum), also called wild thyme, a thyme with a distinctly creeping habit, rarely exceeding 1 inch (2 cm) in height and used mainly as an ornamental plant, belongs to this group of “occasional garden escapees.”

All thymes (and there are over 350 species in the genus Thymus) are edible and this includes varieties usually thought of as ornamental or medicinal. However, some are more popular in cooking than others. Sometimes their taste or aroma is bland or not particularly pleasant, but often it’s just a question of habit: cooks simply haven’t traditionally used those species in the kitchen. There really isn’t any other explanation!

Creeping thyme is in this category: not that it doesn’t have a pleasant smell and great taste, but it is just not used in cooking on a regular basis. 

Common thyme in a raised bed.
Common thyme (T. vulgaris). Photo: Chris.urs-o, Wikimedia Commons

The thyme usually used in cooking, T. vulgaris, called common thyme, garden thyme or just plain “thyme” , also escapes cultivation, but has a bushier habit, forming a small dome rather than a carpet. Other species, such as lemon thyme (Thymus citriodorus), are also considered primarily culinary thymes.

All thymes also attract bees and they will produce delicious thyme honey in areas, such as around the Mediterranean, where thyme grows abundantly.

Garden writer and blogger, author of more than 60 gardening books, the laidback gardener, Larry Hodgson, lives and gardens in Quebec City, Canada. The Laidback Gardener blog offers more than 2,500 articles to passionate home gardeners, always with the goal of demystifying gardening and making it easier for even novice gardeners. If you have a gardening question, enter it in Search: the answer is probably already there!

3 comments on “Are All Thymes Edible?

  1. I have a beautiful carpet of creeping thyme but patches of it seem to be drying out. Anyone have any ideas as to how to treat this? Do I cut it down and hope that that the surrounding plants spread?

  2. Creeping thyme is commonly grown between stepping stones so that it is aromatic if stepped on. It all sounds so cliche to me, although I do like the aroma. I prefer to keep such ground cover edged off of such stones, and I prefer to not trample what is between such stones. Anyway, like rosemary (which I just featured), and as you mentioned, the culinary cultivars have better flavor than the simple creeping thyme. Also, the creeping thyme gets dirty while so close to the ground, and only the tiny bits of foliage on top are useful. It is easier to collect bigger bits from culinary types.

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